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InternetII: The History of Internet II


is a consortium being led by 207 universities working in partnership with industry and government to develop and deploy advanced network applications and technologies, accelerating the creation of tomorrow's Internet.

2007 "After Breaking Off Talks, 2 High-Speed Networking Consortia Now Say They Will Merge"

HISTORY from 1997 - 2002

Is there an even bigger digital divide just around the corner? The challenges of Internet 2 by Vic Sutton page 253 [ . . . Back in the days of teletype technology, the standard speed of news agency wire transmission, or telex transmission from offices, was 50 bauds – 50 bits per second. It takes eight bits to make a letter, so 50 bauds allowed the transmission of around six letters a second, some 3,000 words an hour.
A speed of 56 kilobits per second is over one thousand times faster. Even those of us who are using poor-quality telephone lines for dial-up access, are used to seeing our mail and file attachments vanish into the ether in next to no time.
It is only when we have to download the holiday photographs, running into megabytes, that we start to complain. However, speeds of 56 Kbps are going to be dwarfed by those planned for Internet2.
Internet2 is a research and development consortium led by some 200 US universities, and working with the US government and industry. They are planning for faster and more reliable networking links than are allowed by the existing Internet.
The Internet, as we know it, was not planned. It grew out of research into packet switching communications carried out in the UK and the USA. in the late 1960s, and from the ARPANET, the first-ever network of different computers, which was set up at the end of 1969 to link computer nodes at the UCLA, Stanford Research Institute, UC Santa Barbara and the University of Utah.
Communications between the ARPANET nodes first ran at 50 Kbps.The work to develop the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, which make communication possible between large numbers of machines in an open-architecture network, was coordinated by Robert Kahn and Vint Cerf from 1973 onward. The Ethernet technology which is now the most widely-used was developed by Bob Metcalfe at Xerox PARC in 1973.

Internet 2--Statistics
New Survey Shows Access and Usage of internet2 in Schools, Public Libraries and Elsewhere

K12 Schools

Public Libraries


"More than 46,000 K-12 schools, community colleges, libraries, and  museums in 35 U.S. states are now connected to the Internet2  backbone network."


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