computer wonder women and Digital Diva's: Women and Their Role in the Development of the Modern Computer
The most common way people give up their power is by thinking they don’t have any.
Computer Wonder Women: Find the Mother of the Internet
The Army wanted women with mathematics degrees to
HAND CALCULATE the firing trajectories of artillery for the war effort.
CHANGING GIRLS' ATTITUDES ABOUT COMPUTERS
"Don't worry your pretty little head over it." NOT
WHERE MY LADIES AT?
NPR The Forgotten Female Programmers Who Created Modern Tech If your image of a computer programmer is a young man, there's a good reason: It's true. Recently, many big tech companies revealed how few of their female employees worked in programming and technical jobs. Google had some of the highest rates: 17 percent of its technical staff is female. It wasn't always this way. Decades ago, it was women who pioneered computer programming — but too often, that's a part of history that even the smartest people don't know.
WE NEED MORE WOMEN
Women in Tech - The Missing Force: Karen Catlin
She found her first bug in 1946,
when will you find yours?
Grace Hopper's finding of the "bug" on code
Nov 9, 2013 Great ad on women vs. men in power positions.
70% of men think that women need to downplay their personality to be accepted. Double standards hold women back. Because when you stand strong, you shine.
- What you can do to help GRRLS get into technology!
Here are all kinds of resources, mentoring programs, projects, and links for helping girls using science, math, technology, to cross that digital divide. By 2020, the U.S. Department of Labor expects there will be 1.4 million computer-specialist job openings. But while women make up 57 percent of overall college graduates, they only account for 12 percent of computer science graduates today. So what are tech companies doing to get young women excited about coding? Bloomberg's Emily Chang looks at how Twitter is teaming up with one non-profit, Girls Who Code, to train the next generation of female engineers.
- National Women's History Month WOMEN - HACKER ETHICS and HACTIVISTS
- Best Online Resources For Women and Minorities in Science and Technology
- Educating Girls in the New Computer Age (2000)
WONDER WOMEN PDF
Find the Mother of the Internet
Women Computers 1891 - Ada Lovelace
The world's first programmer, Lovelace created technical notes for the Analytical Engine conceived by Charles Babbage. Computer geeks on opposite ends of the Earth have found the original sketch of the world's first programmer. Born December 10, 1815, Ada Lovelace is perhaps best known for her contributions toward Charles Babbage's Analytical Engine, Designed but never actually built until 1991, the Analytical Engine is in many ways one of the ancestors of today's computer systems. In a story worthy of a Hollywood movie, an Army sergeant in Tajikistan and a programmer in Texas resurrected the legend of Ada Lovelace by buying up her nearly 150-year-old sketch portrait on eBay. Augusta Ada, Countess of Lovelace, was the daughter of poet Lord Byron.
The Forgotten Female Programmers who invented modern Tech.
Walter Isaacson begins his new book,The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution, with her story.The computer language ADA was named after her in recognition of her pioneering work with Charles Babbage. In her article, Lovelace expresses a vision for his machine that goes beyond calculations. She envisioned that "a computer can do anything that can be noted logically," explains Isaacson. "Words, pictures and music, not just numbers. She understands how you take an instruction set and load it into the machine, and she even does an example, which is programming Bernoulli numbers, an incredibly complicated sequence of numbers."
Excellent article about Phillipa Fawcett who, in 1890, placed first in the University of Cambridge mathematical examinations.
Rear Admiral Grace Hopper was one of the first computer programmers ever (the Harvard Mark I calculator (1943)) and one of the designers of COBOL (gasp!) She coined the term "debugging" for removing errors from computer programs. A legend in computer science. Here she is chatting to a TV show host on 2 October 1986 (taped from a repeat broadcast in the early '90s).
Grace Hopper Explains Nanoseconds
- Jean Jennings Bartik - Video was one of the original ENIAC programmers and a syster, was made a fellow of the Computer History Museum on 10/21/08 (her co-inductees were Bob Metcalfe, inventor of the ethernet, and Linus Torvalds, creator of Linux. Jean told stories about how she left a safe life in rural Missouri for the adventure of working for Aberdeen Proving Grounds as a "computer" (a woman who computes ballistic trajectories), and then was chosen to be one of the 6 women who were to program the first electro-mechanical computer. They were given nothing more than block diagrams of this huge beast, and they had to invent some of the basic constructs of programming. There were some great stories of how they learned how the ENIAC worked, how they fixed bugs, and then how they were treated like "refrigerator ladies" who were just around to add a little sex appeal to the photos. Jean later worked on making a stored program version of the ENIAC, and worked with Eckert and Mauchly in their computer company.
She talked about experiencing extreme sexism when she went to
Remington-Rand (which was really a typewriter company trying to get into computers). Jean quoted Betty Holbertonsaying "The ENIAC was a son-of-a-bitch to program"). ENIAC was over 700 square feet in size, had 18,000 vacuum tubes, and weighed 30 tons.
Jean was also inducted into the Hall of Fame Women in Technology International, along with the other original ENIAC programmers. You can donate to Kathy Kleiman's documentary project on the women of the ENIAC.
- Kathleen Mauchly Antonelli (ne. McNulty), died 4/20/06. Kathleen was one of the 6 women programmers of the ENIAC, a resident of the Philadelphia area and lecturer at Chestnut Hill College Philadelphia, PA was an inspiration to many.
- Miss Eleanor Krawitz - Tabulating Supervisor
Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory
Columbia Engineering Quarterly, November 1949
- HERSTORIES Classroom Project
"In pioneer days they used oxen for heavy pulling, and when one ox couldn't budge a log, they didn't try to grow a larger ox. We shouldn't be trying for bigger computers, but for more systems of computers." ~ Rear Admiral Dr. Grace Murray Hopper Grace Hopper is responsible for the term 'bug' for a computer fault. The original 'bug'was a moth which caused a hardware fault in the Mark I. Hopper was the first person to 'debug' a computer. Howard Aiken who supervised the engineering team that developed the Mark I at Harvard and was completed in 1949.
- As Muriel Cooper saw things, the ruling metaphor for the computer age should be the "information landscape," not the "information highway."
Rather than cutting a linear path through a forest of data, computers give us the ability to fly through three-dimensional landscapes with constellations of interconnected information spreading around us in all directions. In 1952, Cooper began her career in graphic design at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After taking several years off to run her own graphics studio in Boston, she joined the MIT Press as its first art director (prior to this, she had collaborated with the MIT Press to design its world-famous logo). In 1974, Cooper began teaching a new subject at MIT called "messages and means," which focused on the relationship between graphics and technology. These ideas eventually led her to cofound and direct MIT's Visible Language Workshop. When Cooper showed the latest work of the VLW at the TED 5 conference in February 1994, no less than Bill Gates of Microsoft personally asked for a copy of the presentation. As Nicholas Negroponte, director of the Media Lab comments, "The impact of Muriel's work can be summed up in two words: Beyond Windows. It will be seen as the turning point in interface design. She has broken the flatland of overlapping opaque rectangles with the idea of a galactic universe."
- 2006 - Joanna Rutkowska
Polish researcher Joanna Rutkowska also used the spotlight of the 2006 Black Hat Briefings to showcase new research into rootkits and stealthy malware. In a standing-room-only presentation, she dismantled the new driver-signing mechanism in Windows Vista to plant a rootkit on the operating system and also introduced the world to "Blue Pill," a virtual machine rootkit that remains "100 percent undetectable," even on Windows Vista x64 systems.
In 2006, Rutkowska also pinpointed inherent weaknesses in anti-virus software; warned that the major operating system vendors are not yet ready for hardware virtualization technology and confirmed fears that stealth malware in the operating system's biggest security threat.
- ACM Turing Winner Fran Allen says software is falling behind hardware capabilities. Watch the video of her Turing Award Lecture.
- Computer Women's History
- Laurie Spiegel The Early Computer Arts at Bell Labs
Music Mouse - An Intelligent Instrument
Laurie Spiegel: Appalachian Grove 1 edit
(1974 electronic ambient minimal avant-garde)
Part 2: Laurie Spiegel Bell Labs Interview 1984 This interview was taped at Bell Labs in 1984, with brief intro by Max Mathews. Some of this footage may have made it into the documentary for which this was recorded but most of it has not been seen anywhere yet. Part 2 of 2.
Bell Labs Song
You can reach me by email at l a u r i e (at-symbol) x a n a d u . n e t
WATCH THE MOVIES
1) When Computers Were Human,
3 Generations of Human Computers - Grandmother Blanch Ocain 1920's, Her son Thomas Greer 1950's, then her grandson David Allen Greer 1980's.
2) Eniac Built In WWII lead to Computers & The History of the Internet Movie
Computers and Women from the 60's
Radia Perlman, Jean Jennings Bartik, Kay McNulty Mauchly Antonelli, John Mauchly, Presper Eckert , Betty Snyder, Holberton, punchcard, mainframe, Eniac, Univac, Edvac, Ordvac, Brlesc-1, Cobal, Fortran, Rear Admiral Dr. Grace Murray Hopper, Hedy Lamarr, Dr. Dorothy E. Denning, Anita Jones, Esther Dysen, Joan Korenman, Deborah Estrin, Hackers, Crackers, Phreaks, Natasha Grigori, Carmin Karasic, Gigabyte, Raven Alder, Blueberry,Colleen Card, RosieX, Susan Thunder, St. Jude, Jennifer Grannick, Courtnee, viXen900, Chainsawkitten, Gail Thackeray, Joanna Rutkowska,and Anita Borg
Teachers | Women and Development of Computers - women and computers, girls and computers, history of computers, women and technology
The World's First Disc Drive & Notice the Computer Wonder Woman!
This is a 4.4 Meg Hard Disk in 1956.
In September 1956 IBM launched the 305 RAMAC, the first computer with a hard disk drive (HDD). The HDD weighed over a ton and stored 4.4MB of data.
Start appreciating your 4 GB memory stick!
Women Hacker Comic
A webcomic of romance, sarcasm, math, and language.